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Home » Articles, Featured, Highlight, Our Saraswath Samaj, ಅಮ್ಗೆಲೆ ಪರ್ಬೋ ಆನಿ ಸಂಸ್ಕೃತಿ

Nava Durga (ನವದುರ್ಗಾ)

Submitted by on March 4, 2011 – 8:27 PMNo Comment

Vedamoorthy Sri Gurudas Bhat has explained beautifully the “Nine” different forms “Avatar’s” of SRI DURGAMATA.

Nava Durga

There are the nine (nava) main forms of the Goddess. She is well known by these
forms in the Vedas. Each goddess symbolises a specific source of Energy.

1. Shailputri
She is the daughter of the Himalayas and first among nine
Durgas. In previous birth she was the daughter of Daksha. Her name was Sati –
Bhavani. I.e. the wife of Shiv. Once Daksha had organized a big Yagna and did
not invite Shivaji. But Sati being obstinate, reached there. There upon Daksha
insulted Shiva. Sati could not tolerate the insult of husband and burnt herself
in the fire of Yagns. In other birth she became the daughter of Himalaya in the
name of Parvati – Hemvati and got married with Shivaji. As per Upnishad she had
torn the egotism of Indra, etc. Devatas. Being ashamed they bowed and prayed
that, “In fact, thou are Shakti, we all – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiv are capable by
getting Shakti from you.”

2. Brahmacharini
The second Durga Shakti is Brahamcharini. Brahma that is who
observes panance and good conduct. Here “Brahma” means “Tapa”. The idol of this
Goddess is very gorgeous. There is rosary in her right hand and Kamandal in left
hand. She is full with merriment. One story is famous about her. In previous
birth she was Parvati Hemavati the daughter of Himvan. Once when she was busy in
games with her friends. Naradaji came to her and predicted seeing her Palm-lines
that, “You will get married with a naked-terrible ‘Bhole baba’ who was with you
in the form of Sati, the daughter of Daksh in previous birth. But now you have
to perform penance for him.” There upon Parvati her mother Menaka that she would
marry none except Shambhu, otherwise she would remain unmarried. Saying this she
went to observe penance (tap). That is why her name is famous as tapacharini –
Brahmacharini. But as she was engrossed in Tapa her mother told her, ” Beti,
please do not make penance.” From that time her name Uma became familiar.

3. Chandraghanta
The third Shakti is Chandraghanta. There is a half-circular
moon in her forehead. She is charmful and bright. She is Golden colour. She has
three eyes and ten hands holding with ten types of swords – etc. weapons and
arrows etc. missiles. She is seated on Lion and ready for going in war to fight.
She is unprecedented image of bravery. The frightful sound of her bell terrifies
all the villans, demons and denavas.

4. Kushmanda
The fourth Durga is Kushmanda. The Shakti creates egg. I.e.
Universe by mere laughing she resides in solar systems. She shines brightly in
all the ten directions as like Sun. She has eight hands. Seven types of weapons
are shining in her seven hands. Rosary is in her right hand. She seems brilliant
riding on Lion. She likes the offerings of “Kumhde.” Therefore her name
“Kushmanda” has become famous.

5. Skanda Mata
The Fifth name of Durga is “Skanda Mata”. The daughter of
Himalaya, after observing penance got married with Shiva. She had a son named
“Skanda.” Skanda is a leader of the army of Gods. Skanda Mata is a deity of
fire. Skanda is seated in her lap. She has three eyes and four hands. She is
white and seated on a lotus.

6. Katyayani
The Sixth Durga is Katyayani. The son of “Kat” as “Katya”. Rishi
Katyayan born in this “Katya” linege. Katyayan had observed penance with a
desire to get paramba as his daughter. As a result she took birth as a daughter
of Katyayan. Therefore her name is “Katyayani” on the bank of Jamuna for getting
Krishna as a husband. It proves that she is prime deity of Vraj mandal. Her
appearance is very sublime. She has three eyes and eight hands. These are eight
types of weapons missiles in her seven hands. Her vehicle is Lion.

7. Kalratri
The Seventh Durga is Kalratri. She is black like night. H hairs
are unlocked. She has put on neckles shining like lightning. She has three eyes
which are round like universe. Her eyes are bright. Thousands of flames of fire
come out while respiring with nose. She rides on donkey. There is sharp sword in
her right hand. Her lower hand is in blessing mood. The burning torch is in her
left hand and her lower left hand is in fearless style, by which she makes her
devotees fearless. Being auspicious she is called “Shubhamkari.”

8. Maha Gauri
The Eighth Durga is “Maha Gauri.” She is as white as a conch,
moon and Jasmine. She is of eight years old. Her clothes and ornaments are white
and clean. She has three eyes. She rides on bull She has four hands. The above
left hand is in “Fearless – Mudra” and lower left hand holds “Trishul.” The
above right hand has tambourine and lower right hand is in blessing style. She
is calm and peaceful and exists in peaceful style. It is said that when the body
of Gauri became dirty due to dust and earth while observing penance, Shivaji
makes it clean with the waters of Gangas. Then her body became bright like
lightning. There fore, she is known as “Maha Gauri” in world.

9. Siddhidatri
The Ninth Durga is Siddhidatri. There are eight Siddhis – Viz-
Anima, Mahima, Garima, Laghima, Prapti, Prakamya, Iishitva Vashitva. Maha Shakti
gives all these Siddhies. It is said in “Devipuran” that the Supreme God Shiv
got all these Siddhies by worshipping Maha Shakti. With her gratitude the half
body of Shiv has became of Goddess and there fore his name “Ardhanarishvar” has
became famous. The Goddess drives on Lion. She has four hands and looks pleased.
This form of Durga is worshipped by all Gods, Rishis-Munis, Siddhas, Yogis,
Sadhakas and devotees for attaining the best religious asset.

Thanks & Regards
Ved. H. Gurudas Bhat

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